Insomnia is a condition in which individual suffers from a range of sleeping disorders. It causes the individual to feel problems in sleep at night such as lack of sleep, unable to stay asleep, or lack of sleep quantity.
Insomnia has three main types such as below:
- Transient Insomnia:
This type of Insomnia causes the individual to go through the symptoms for 2 to 3 nights in a row.
- Acute insomnia:
In acute insomnia, individuals experience symptoms for several weeks. This condition is also known as short-term insomnia and can be quite disturbing.
- Chronic Insomnia:
As name suggests, chronic insomnia lasts for several months. In some cases, it can even last for many years. According to the latest studies, people with chronic Insomnia experience its symptoms as a result of another underlying illness.
Who can be a victim of insomnia?
Insomnia can strike people of all ages. However, it is more common in women than men. Moreover, Insomnia can undermine individuals’ performance at workplace and school in addition to leading the patient to anxiety, irritability, depression, obesity, memory problems, reduced reaction time, poor immune system, as well as concentration problems.
Causes of insomnia:
There is a wide range of causes that can lead to Insomnia. For example, this sleep disorder is mainly caused by different physical and psychological factors. At times, an underlying medical illness can cause chronic insomnia. On the other hand, transient insomnia may occur when an individual is disturbed because of a recent unpleasant occurrence or event. Other common causes of Insomnia include jet lag, high altitudes, extreme heat or cold or environmental noises.
Furthermore, several psychological issues such depression, psychotic disorders, as well as anxiety disorders can cause Insomnia. In addition, numerous medical conditions such as chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic pain, acid-reflux disease, angina, asthma, congestive heart failure, pregnancy, angina, sleep apnea, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease etc are some of the causes of Insomnia.
Insomnia is a treatable condition. There are many techniques available that are proven to help people deal with their sleep disorder. Generally, Insomnia is treated by addressing the underlying medical problem that may cause the patient to go through sleep problem. Besides addressing the primary cause of Insomnia, there are several medical and behavioral therapies that can be used as Insomnia treatment options such as medications.
Also known as non-pharmacological treatment options, behavioral therapies include improving “sleep cycle” refer to good sleeping habits, such as, not sleeping too little or for excessive hours, working out on a regular basis, refraining from tea and coffee in night hours, avoiding smoking, avoiding going to bed without eating dinner in addition to ensuring a sleeping environment that is comfortable in all means.
In addition to the above remedies, there are several mediations such as Etizolam that are helpful in dealing with this daunting sleep disorder. Such medicines possess several skeletal muscle relaxant and sedative properties that help people with Insomnia deal with the symptoms.